Neurological diseases

Here we discuss the individual neurological diseases/disorders. It is useful to learn about the commonest disorders first. After you are done with the big 10 diseases and disorders, we have selected 10 other diseases to learn about next. Once you’ve accomplished these you can intermittently add more neurological disease to learn about.
We also include a link to diseases and disorders by localization. This helps answer the question “what caused the lesion?” after you determine where the lesion is based on your clinical assessment.

Full list- all the diseases on

Lesions by localization:

See under localization based approach

10 Common Neurological disorders/diseases:

These are probably the first you should learn about

  1. Stroke: the main subtypes in descending order of incidence are ischemic stroke, intracerebral hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage
  2. Epilepsy
  3. The Headaches: multiple subtypes, migraine and tension-type headache are the first to learn
  4. Meningitis & Encephalitis (multiple subtypes)
  5. Multiple Sclerosis
  6. Alzheimer’s disease
  7. Parkinson’s disease
  8. Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
  9. Guillain Barre Syndrome
  10. Myasthenia gravis

Next 10 Neurological disorders/diseases:

These are probably the next you should learn about

  1. Brain tumor
  2. Essential tremor (ET)
  3. Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyradiculopathy (CIDP)
  4. Diffuse Lewy Body Disease (DLBD)
  5. Huntington disease
  6. Bell’s palsy
  7. Cerebral aneurysm (saccular and fusiform), and subarachnoid hemorrhage
  8. Cerebral palsy
  9. Traumatic Brain Injury
  10. Dermatomyositis and polymyositis (2 diseases)

Full list- all the diseases on